I’d like to say something about the world a hundred years from now. No one knows precisely knows how the world will look a hundred years from now. Chances are, there will have been years and years of global deflation. Economic theories will have disappeared. The extinction of cash will have come and gone. Trends will resemble the philosophical dialogue, the Republic
–Plato, The Republic, [380 B.C.], Trans. B. Jowett, (Cleveland, OH, World Publishing Company, 1946)
The book The Fair Society: The Science of Human Nature and the Pursuit of Social Justice (University of Chicago Press), proposes a: “temple of a fair society” http://complexsystems.org/publications/equality-equity-and-reciprocity-the-three-pillars-of-social-justice/ which is nearly inevitable given equality in the sight of God and in the American Declaration of Independence (1776), with inequality in the distribution of income long since dismissed. Humans will continue to enjoy an organized, interdependent society (just without the same economic tools we have at our advantage today). Society won’t be grown out of Marxism a hundred years from now, but out of a right to life.
For Plato, social justice consists of “giving every man his due” for which Plato’s student, Aristotle, used the term “proportionate equality.” The Fair Society, Chapter Four, explains: “acknowledgement — from audience applause to Boy Scout merit badges and mass-produced, low-cost sports trophies – are often sufficient” for people to feel acceptable. However, as been stated, this isn’t written in the pages of any economics textbook. In The Fair Society, Chapter Four, the idea of reciprocity is presented as a range of conventions spanning “market transactions to legislative mandates, tax codes, cultural norms, social pressures, and more” (ie, a fair society). On both http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/10781828-the-fair-society
and www.cosmosandhistory.org Plato’s foundational argument is informed by “science”… As on Goodreads The Fair Society: The Science of Human Nature and the Pursuit of Social Justice is “required reading“ and while the closest I have come to reading such a volume were my examinations quite a few years ago of Aldous Huxley writing Brave New World, I do see from http://cosmosandhistory.org/index.php/journal/article/viewFile/466/775 that a return to Athens’ Golden Age is likely what is intended to unfold a hundred years from now. I am asserting to you that I don’t read the Republic and the Laws, owing to a relatively short attention span on my part, but what I can identify for a projection a hundred years from now is something nearly inevitable with the help of the work of author Peter Corning.
There is a diversity of talents among men; consequently, one man is best suited to one particular occupation and another to another….We can conclude, then, that production in our city will be more abundant and the products more easily produced and of better quality if each does the work nature [and society] has equipped him to do, at the appropriate time, and is not required to spend time on other occupations.
Plato, in the Republic, divided the “soul” into three, “appetitive” (nutrition, sex, etc.), “spirited” (emotions, ambition, competitive urges, etc.), and a rational, reasoning element, which he viewed as the primary function
Human societies confront similar, Plato believed, and in the Republic his ideal comprised three classes that corresponded to the three elements of our souls.
Plato, Republic, Book II, Book VI
This is in contrast to Thomas Hobbes. In the Leviathan (from the Hebrew word for sea monster) in 1651, Hobbes said: “I put for a general inclination of all mankind, a perpetual and restless desire of power after power that ceaseth only in death. And the cause of this is not always that a man hopes for a more intensive delight than he has already attained to…but because he cannot assure the power and means to live well…without the acquisition of more.”
–Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan: On the Matter Form and Power of a Commonwealth Ecclesiastical and Civil, , (New York, Collier Books, 1962), Ch. XI.
I suspect present times are as dark as they have ever been, whether in the seventeenth century, the twentieth century or the twentieth century. Do you agree what will come to pass a hundred years from now? Have you enjoyed this? “Like” and/or “Follow”!